By Rehan Iqbal
Knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that requires the doctor to remove and replace damaged cartilage around the patella (knee bone). This surgery is also called Arthroplasty.” Arthroplasty can take up to two hours to complete, and the physical therapy and recovery begin as soon as the patient is awake.
What Happens in Knee Replacement Surgery?
In short, the surgeon removes the damaged tissue and cartilage that surrounds the knee bone. After that, the removed cartilage is replaced with metal or another prosthesis, depending on the patient’s age, weight, knee shape, and activity level.
When a knee is damaged or suffers from severe arthritis, it limits mobility, making it difficult for patients to walk without pain.
Injuries could also result in knee replacement surgery is necessary in order to manage pain and restore mobility in the knees.
Symptoms That Could be a Sign You Have Knee Arthritis and Might Require Knee Replacement?
Whether a patient has osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or arthritis that develops after the injury, the following signs should be monitored:
Types of Arthritis that Could Affect the Knees
Osteoarthritis is a condition by which the normal “wear and tear” of the cartilage that cushions the bones is worn away. As a result, bone on bone friction leads to chronic arthritis. This is prevalent in patients from 50 years old and older.
Osteoarthritis can occur on one knee and sometimes both.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an aggressive form of arthritis in which the body attacks itself by targeting the joints. The immune system makes this mistake and turns on itself. Rheumatoid arthritis can happen on both knees.
Oftentimes, patients may experience pain in their joints after having had an injury. This is common in post-knee injuries. While the effects may not occur immediately, the process often happens over time.
Surgery should also be considered if:
There is always post-surgery pain for patients undergoing any type of surgery. You can expect general and localized pain for several weeks after the knee replacement operation.
Swelling is a natural part of the process. Swelling can last for up to three weeks after surgery, but it can persist several months after.
There is also bruising that occurs as a side-effect, and it may last for two weeks post-operation.
The healing process can take six months and up to a year to complete. It depends on the patient’s body, age, and lifestyle.
Prepare Your Home for Post-Knee Surgery
Your home should accommodate your daily activities without posing a hazard. You may need additional support when getting up or sitting.
Returning to normal activities like walking and driving starts gradually but swiftly. In fact, post-surgery, the sooner the patient walks as part of rehabilitation, the better the chances of preventing blood clots.
Remember that it is normal to feel tired after having had the surgery. Your knees and body need time to recover, so allow it the required time to do this.
Taking Care of the New Knee After Surgery
After the surgery, you want to make sure that you take good care of your new knee, which may aid its longevity.
Follow-up Check at the Hospital
Most patients are requested to do a follow-up check to see how they are progressing with their new knee. This may be about twelve weeks after the surgery and whenever the doctor recommends it.
The costs involved when it comes to knee replacement surgery can differ for each patient. Many variables may influence how much is paid at the end of the completed procedure.
Some aspects to consider that could affect the cost include, but are not limited to, the following: